What are the five types of Crohn’s disease?
The five types of Crohn’s disease and their symptoms are:
- Ileocolitis: Ileocolitis is the most common type of Crohn’s disease. It affects the small intestine, known as the ileum, and the colon. People who have ileocolitis experience considerable weight loss, diarrhea, and cramping or pain in the middle or lower right part of the abdomen.
- Ileitis: This type of Crohn’s disease affects the ileum. Symptoms are the same as those for ileocolitis. In addition, fistulas, or inflammatory abscesses, may form in the lower right section of the abdomen.
- Gastroduodenal Crohn’s disease: This form of Crohn’s disease involves the stomach and duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. People with this type of Crohn’s disease suffer nausea, weight loss, and loss of appetite. In addition, if the narrow segments of bowel are obstructed, they experience vomiting.
- Jejunoileitis: This form of the disease affects the jejunum, which is the upper half of the small intestine. It causes areas of inflammation. Symptoms include cramps after meals, the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, and abdominal pain that can become intense.
- Crohn’s (granulomatous) colitis: This form of Crohn’s disease involves only the colon. Symptoms include skin lesions, joint pains, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and the formation of ulcers, fistulas, and abscesses around the anus.
There can be overlap between these types of Crohn’s disease. Some people have more than one area of the digestive tract that is affected.
Now that you know how Crohns affects the body you can understand remission easier.
The stages or types of Remission:
Remission is possible for people living with Crohn’s disease. But there are different types of remission. The three different levels of remission are:
- Clinical remission is when symptoms are no longer present in a patient.
- Endoscopic remission, also known as mucosal healing, is when the bowels themselves are healed and reveal no active disease after testing.
- Deep remission is when both the tissue and bowels are healed and symptoms are no longer present. This is the goal for all Crohn’s patients.